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Czech Republic- All You Need to Know

Czech Republic- All You Need to Know

The Czech Republic is located in Central Europe, bordering Poland to the north, Germany to the northwest and west, Austria to the south, and Slovakia to the east. The capital of the Czech Republic is Prague, the biggest city of the Czech Republic and a popular tourist destination. The Czech Republic became a member of the European Union in May 2004. The Czech Republic was a part of Czechoslovakia, dissolved in January 1993 and split into what is now called Czech and Slovak Republics.

Brno, Ostrava, Plzeň, Olomouc, České Budějovice, Zlín, Hradec Králové, Ústí nad Labem, Pardubice, and Karlovy Vary are the other important cities of the Czech Republic. The Czech Republic is divided into two parts based on geographical and cultural classification. They are Bohemia and Moravia. Bohemian cities and towns are popular for their spas and wine vineyards. It is also home to many castles that are open to visitors. One of the other tourist attractions is the availability of hundreds of miles of marked trails for hiking, cycling, and skiing.

All You Need to Know about the Czech Republic

Population & Languages

The population of the Czech Republic is roughly 10.2 million and the official language being spoken is Czech.


The voltage is 230 V and the frequency is 50 Hz. The type of plug used is a Round pin plug and receptacle with a male grounding pin

Geographic Location

It is located in Central Europe bordering Poland to the north, Germany to the northwest and west, Austria to the south, and Slovakia to the east. It is basically a landlocked country strategically located on some of the most important land routes in Europe.


The climate of the Czech Republic can be termed as Temperate with hot summers and cold overcast winters. It also gets snow. Most of the rain comes down in summer. Due to different altitudes, the variation of temperatures is diverse. The temperatures are relatively low at high altitudes and more precipitation. The temperatures average only -0.4°C in high altitude areas whereas the temperatures can average as high as 10°C in low altitude areas.

Local Customs

The dressing should be conservative and casual except at formal dinners, good hotels, or restaurants. Tipping is usually 5 to 10 percent in restaurants, hotels, and taxis.


The Castle District (Hradèany) has some of the best churches and museums. It also has some beautiful gardens, fortifications, and state apartments also.

St Vitus Cathedral – It is located in the Castle District, the prominent feature of this cathedral is the spires which soar high in the sky. It is also the country’s largest church with great architecture.

Charles Bridge (Karluv Most) – This is one of the most popular tourist spots of the city and should not be missed.

Old Town Square (Staromĕstské Námestí) – It is the most vibrant square of Prague with many historical structures. It also hosts various markets every year like the yearly Christmas market.

The Jewish Museum is the largest Jewish Museum in Central Europe with a vast collection of Judaic art works.
Vyšehrad – Is a great hill fort built on a rock above the river.


By Air – The national airline of the Czech Republic is Czech Airlines. Many other small and popular international airlines operate from the Czech Republic. The major airport is Prague Ruzyne International Airport (PRG). The airport is located approximately 10 miles northwest of Prague.

By Rail – The country is part of the extensive network of trains connecting the European cities. If you are coming from Western Europe the most convenient connections are via Berlin, Frankfurt, Munich, Vienna, and Zurich to Prague.

Duty-Free Items

  1. 800 cigarettes or 400 cigarillos or 200 cigars or 1kg tobacco for EU countries.
  2. 200 cigarettes or 100 cigarillos or 50 cigars or 250g tobacco for Non-EU countries.
  3. 10 liter of spirits with an alcohol content over 22%, or 20 liters of alcoholic beverages with alcohol volume less than 22%, or 90 liters of wine or 60 liters of sparkling wine, or 110 liters of beer for EU countries.
  4. 1-liter spirits or 2-liter wine for Non-EU countries.
  5. 50g perfume or 250ml eau de toilette
  6. Food, fruits, medications, and flowers for personal use
  7. Gifts up to €175

Prohibited Items

Un-canned goods, meat or dairy products, Narcotics, firearms, ammunition, weapons, eggs, plants, endangered species, fireworks, and alcoholic beverages that contain more than sixty percent alcohol.

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